Tables 11-27, pp. 206-215, in Bioethics for the People by the People, Darryl R. J. Macer, Ph.D., Eubios Ethics Institute 1994.

Copyright 1994, Eubios Ethics Institute. All commercial rights reserved. This publication may be reproduced for limited educational or academic use, however please enquire with Eubios Ethics Institute.

Table 11: Acceptance and reasoning about gene therapy

%
Public
Students
US86
US92
J91
NZ
A
J
Ind
T
R
Isr
NZ
A
J
Ind
T
P
S
HK

Q26. If tests showed that you were likely to get a serious or fatal genetic disease later in life, how willing would you be to undergo therapy to have those genes corrected before symptoms appear? Why?
++ 35 30 25 4750 42 6135 23 5452 43 4460 34 4349 40
+ 43 49 29 2527 24 1620 24 1634 44 3014 30 3534 38
- 12 9 18 96 15 511 6 43 2 112 11 116 6
-- 9 9 12 44 6 424 13 03 2 54 16 32 3
DK 2 2 16 1513 13 1410 34 267 6 1020 9 89 13
N 318 195335 529 684414 50 96110 421 310230 151 249104
Not stated 16 1432 37 2360 58 1517 29 3815 38 3835
Don't know 2.5 0.52.7 1.1 3.17.0 0 00 3.3 1.92.2 1.3 0.40
Saves life 34 4326 41 1913 24 5238 38 4121 39 3943
Saves family 4.4 5.63.3 4.7 2.60 2 2.10 0.2 3.231 1.3 2.01.9
Improve quality of life 15 139.6 3.4 5.61.2 4 7.315 4.5 5.216 5.9 3.61.0
Depends on situation 19 259.0 4.3 124.8 12 2838 11 3.99.5 3.3 6.411
Improve genes 1.9 0.55.4 5.5 8.60.2 0 2.10.9 1.9 6.16.0 2.6 2.83.8
Other benefit 7.0 4.111 1.1 2.92.7 0 2.11.8 2.9 3.20.9 0 0.82.9
Economic comment 1.9 1.00 1.3 1.31.4 0 01.8 0 1.30.9 0.7 1.60
Eugenics/Misuse 0.9 01.8 0.4 0.90.5 0 00 1.7 00 0 00
Playing God/unnatural 5.3 7.25.1 4.5 150 2 9.35.5 5.2 1.620 2.0 5.26.7
Against ethics 0.6 00.3 0 0.30.5 0 00.9 1.0 00 0 00
Health risk 8.0 105.7 2.8 3.45.1 8 3.13.6 10 4.20 12 6.411
Other harm 3.1 2.13.6 1.5 0.23.4 2 00 2.4 0.30 1.3 1.21.9

Q27. If you had a child with a usually fatal genetic disease, how willing would you be to have the child undergo therapy to have those genes corrected? Why?
++ 51 52 37 60 5753 73 6735 62 5849 51 7079 57 6759
+ 35 36 29 22 2521 10 1624 18 2639 25 913 24 2426
- 7 5 11 3 210 3 25 2 54 7 31 7 34
-- 4 4 7 2 21 3 56 0 11 2 42 3 03
DK 3 3 16 13 1415 11 1030 18 107 15 145 9 68
N 317 196335 527 675436 50 96110 417 309230 150 173104
Not stated 16 1329 41 2362 62 1616 32 3915 39 6035
Don't know 1.0 0.52.1 1.3 3.94.8 0 00 2.6 1.32.2 1.3 0.40
Saves life 42 4436 42 2417 22 4947 40 4321 37 2743
Saves family 1.6 2.62.7 2.1 8.40 2 3.10.9 0 0.631 0 1.20
Improve quality of life 23 1913 8.3 170.9 6 1316 5.0 9.116 11 7.62.9
Depends on situation 20 3113 2.3 335.5 10 2733 16 2.90.9 4.0 2.014
Improve genes 0.3 02.7 5.7 9.90.5 0 00.9 1.2 4.97.4 0.7 0.40
Other benefit 6.0 2.06.6 1.3 2.52.5 0 1.01.8 1.2 1.90.9 1.3 0.41.0
Economic comment 0.9 1.00 1.1 0.91.4 0 00.9 0 0.70 0 00
Eugenics/Misuse 0.6 01.2 0.4 0.30 2 00 1.2 01.3 0 00
Playing God/unnatural 2.2 4.62.1 2.3 2.20 0 1.02.7 2.4 0.30.9 1.3 0.81.9
Against ethics 0.3 00.3 0.2 00 0 00.9 0.7 00.4 0 00
Health risk 4.4 7.75.7 2.1 3.64.4 6 6.32.7 8.9 4.50.9 9.9 4.88.7
Other harm 0.6 0.52.4 1.1 0.31.6 2 1.00 1.2 1.01.7 0.7 0.42.9

++ Very willing + Somewhat willing -Somewhat unwilling -- Very unwilling DK Don't know
Abbrevations: J91 - Japan 1991 (Macer, 1992a, N=532); US86 (OTA, 1987, N=1273); US92 (March of Dimes Survey, 1992, N=1032).


Table 12: Reasons cited in open questions for genetic screening

Some genetic diseases can be predicted in the fetus during the early stages of pregnancy. Do you think such tests should be available under government-funded Medicare? Why? Yes No Don't know

In US it did not say funded

Public
Students
US86 J91NZA JInT RIsNZs AsJs InT PSHK
Yes8976 79827672 889288 668174 7283 618585
No97 128812 328 21129 125 2656
DK217 9101616 964 13717 1612 13109
General useNZ AJIn TRIs NZAJ InT PS HK
Number322 196339 530681459 5095110 430312 230157 248104
Not stated22.4 21.935.141.7 27.042.764 25.321.842.3 35.921.3 44.643.6 39.4
Don't know0.3 01.80.6 0.61.10 001.4 1.60.4 0.61.2 1.0
Save life8.7 9.216.58.9 6.911.34 11.65.58.1 7.44.3 12.73.2 5.8
Parent's life16.5 23.015.320.2 2.94.120 29.537.314.9 23.72.2 6.425.0 13.5
To know17.4 11.211.82.5 9.72.40 3.212.73.5 1.07.8 2.56.9 3.9
Improve quality of life8.1 7.72.91.5 13.45.00 2.29.10.9 3.59.1 02.4 0
Depends on case5.6 7.73.52.5 0.72.06 13.74.51.6 0.31.7 4.50.4 1.0
Improve genes3.7 6.61.57.4 3.211.12 3.21.81.2 7.72.6 0.66.0 13.5
Other benefit3.1 1.07.71.9 1.93.96 1.103.5 1.91.3 1.94.4 2.9
Health care is a right16.8 21.412.717.2 10.74.114 8.410.919.8 18.921.3 16.615.3 24.0
Economy13.4 13.30.94.9 11.60.74 13.711.81.2 6.110.0 12.15.2 10.6
Fetus right to life4.3 3.12.10.8 002 14.77.31.2 1.60 3.82.0 1.9
Eugenics/Misuse0.6 0.50.91.5 1.00.40 5.301.4 2.20 2.50.8 0
Play God/unnatural1.6 0.50.30.6 0.70.20 2.100.5 0.30 0.600
Ethics0.60 2.100 0.4000 0.50.3 0.41.9 00
Health risk0.6 00.30.4 0.90.70 1.100.2 1.31.3 00 1.9
Other harm4.0 2.05.32.3 0.30.10 2.24.53.7 1.30.9 1.31.6 1.9

Would you want such a test during (your/your spouse's) pregnancy? Why?

US86 US92J91NZ AJIn TRIs NZAJ InTP SHK
Yes6964 57667361 647780 84636966 688253 8377
No2732 17181516 21138 16241510 16732 610
DK44 26161223 151012 0131624 161115 1113
Personal UseNZ AJIn TRIs NZAJ InTP SHK
Number319 196330 532681442 5095110 423308 230156248 104
Not stated25.4 28.645.342.1 32.041.268 24.225.542.8 41.923.046.8 43.240.4
Don't know0.6 0.51.80.6 1.92.00 004.31.0 1.31.30 0
Save life11.0 13.318.711.5 10.712.22 11.610.913.0 8.810.414.7 11.315.4
Parent's life22.3 32.117.228.6 7.81.822 25.340.922.2 30.87.814.1 28.221.2
To know16.3 13.38.83.0 21.31.82 14.715.53.3 4.921.77.7 16.114.4
Improve quality of life6.9 3.53.62.2 6.52.70 2.18.20.9 3.66.50 2.40
Depends on case13.5 14.34.58.8 2.10.96 14.79.16.4 3.62.27.7 1.69.6
Improve genes2.8 6.10.38.3 2.17.52 2.100 8.43.50 2.010.6
Other benefit4.1 2.06.91.3 0.65.02 00.94.5 0.30.41.9 4.41.0
Health care is a right0 01.80.2 3.43.22 004.5 0.312.60 00
Economy2.22.6 00.41.3 002.1 0.901.0 001.20
Fetus right to life7.5 4.10.90.8 1.002 17.97.31.9 1.61.75.1 3.61.0
Eugenics/Misuse0.3 0.50.30.2 0.70.20 1.100.4 0.700 0.40
Play God/unnatural4.7 5.12.14.7 0.40.52 5.36.40.7 1.61.78.3 0.41.0
Ethics0.60 1.20.20.3 0.501.1 0.900.3 0.400 0
Health risk0.6 1.50.90.8 0.71.10 1.11.81.9 1.61.34.5 02.9
Other harm2.5 2.02.72.6 1.01.62 1.13.61.7 2.60.43.2 0.40

"Parent's life" includes those who said abortion was acceptable; "To know" includes those who only said they would want to see, but they did not indicate in this question they would have an abortion. "Other benefit" includes those who gave personal reasons.


Table 13: Privacy of Genetic Information and HIV status

Public
Students
US92 NZAJ InTR IsNZA JInT PSHK
If someone is a carrier of a defective gene or has a genetic disease, who else besides that person deserves to know that information?

Employer

Yes3320 18193048 22205 892147 413931
No6358 60564227 567277 69724732 484249
DK422 22252825 22818 23193221 111920
Insurer
Yes5839 39184451 37626 26184358 526155
No3831 38562822 333052 46562522 342220
DK430 23263827 302422 28263220 141725
Spouse or fiance
Yes9895 96908098 928694 90917395 989687
No23 3481 484 4393 114
DK12 16121 462 66182 139
Other immediate family
Yes7074 74895887 714861 57895291 918876
No2713 145226 154224 254184 4713
DK213 126207 141015 187305 5511

If someone has HIV (the AIDS AIDS virus), who else besides that person deserves to know that information?

Employer

Yes4648 284560 24602938 254255 614853
No2933 523119 55324540 553425 303526
DK2519 202421 2182622 202420 91721
Insurer
Yes5857 245461 37744436 275163 646361
No2022 492415 35123538 492219 252017
DK2221 272224 28142126 242718 111722
Spouse or fiance
Yes9898 938298 96929696 947696 999892
No12 371 2232 292 111
DK10 4111 2612 4152 017
Other immediate family
Yes8177 896685 70805666 905889 938781
No914 567 17142521 4205 488
DK109 688 1361913 6226 3511

US92 from March of Dimes (1992).


Table 14: Risk perception

Q18. What frequency of a genetic disease do you think is a high risk?

Public
Students
NZA JInT T91RIs NZAJIn TPS HK
2%3033 19182421 273339 34212118 81218
5%2224 19172019 192421 27251315 232135
10%2325 23231622 192023 25271422 192624
20%1411 24181518 12168 13201914 221714
50%117 15242519 2379 173331 28249

T91 from Ratanakul (1992) in Human Genome Research and Society (1992); see text.



Table 15: Feelings towards people that have the following diseases:

Muscular Dystrophy
Public
Students
% of respondentsNZ AJIn TIsNZ AJIn TPS HK
N329201 352419 6845096 110435 184232161 235104
Not stated7.46.6 30.035.816.2 427.418.4 26.928.810.3 29.934.923.1
Don't know1.96.6 6.38.85.0 06.311.1 8.011.43.9 1.33.07.7
Sad or Compassion51.2 43.923.829.1 51.02846.3 33.031.430.1 61.231.940.0 24.1
Want to help7.15.6 6.33.812.6 24.22.8 12.610.38.7 7.62.65.8
Happy for therapy3.7 5.615.97.6 4.2101.1 0.98.25.4 3.02.61.3 2.9
People are same15.716.8 5.24.12.2 823.219.3 7.36.04.3 16.611.58.7
Unlucky1.94.1 0.91.70.7 01.14.6 0.21.10.4 1.907.7
Admire2.51.5 0.600.3 02.12.8 1.90.50.4 2.600
Helpless2.21.0 1.42.91.3 83.21.8 2.34.43.0 4.53.013.5
Other2.85.6 1.44.81.9 201.8 0.54.41.3 0.60.94.8
Rejection1.51.0 0.300.2 01.11.8 0.50.50.9 0.600
Can't understand0.30 00.50.2 01.10 0000 0.41.9
Own fault/depends 00 0.600.3 01.10 00.500 0.90
Afraid & Risk1.2 1.000.7 2.502.1 1.800.5 1.700.4 0

Hemophilia
Public
Students
% of respondentsNZA JInT RIsNZ AJIn TPS HK
N329201 352419 68444650 96110435 183232 161235104
Not stated8.37.7 28.634.614.6 23.5426.3 14.627.926.8 10.328.730.2 21.1
Don't know3.15.1 6.97.44.5 3.724.2 6.47.77.1 2.61.33.0 3.9
Sad-Compassion49.442.6 23.127.250.6 80.82644.2 25.334.230.1 60.833.838.7 26.9
Want to help6.85.1 5.83.313.0 1.126.3 3.610.18.7 10.07.03.4 6.7
Happy for therapy4.06.2 14.27.63.1 1.1102.1 1.86.36.6 2.64.51.3 1.9
People are same21.320.5 6.94.12.6 3.11631.6 37.39.87.7 5.216.614.5 9.6
Unlucky1.54.1 0.61.70.6 1.101.1 3.60.22.7 0.91.30 8.7
Admire0.60.5 0.600.2 001.1 0.90.90 0.40.60 0
Helpless1.90.5 1.72.90.4 0.600 1.81.62.7 0.903.8 9.6
Other2.55.1 0.96.72.3 4.202.1 1.80.24.4 1.30.61.3 3.9
Rejection0.31.0 0.300.4 1.700 000.60.9 000
Can't understand00 00.20.2 000 0000 00.40
Own fault/depends 00 0.600.4 000 00.70.6 0.400.9 0
Afraid & Risk*0.3 1.003.8 5.30.92 1.10.90.2 2.23.55.7 2.17.7

*"Afraid & Risk" in Hemophilia usually means afraid of them hurting themselves, not others.

AIDS
Public
Students
% of respondentsNZA JInT RIsNZ AJIn TPS HK
N329201 352535 68244650 96110435 314230 161235104
Not stated6.35.6 22.818.77.6 24.0405.2 3.622.415.6 4.418.511.1 9.6
Don't know2.80.5 3.51.32.6 6.020 3.63.13.2 1.70.61.7 0
Sad-Compassion34.130.8 22.419.836.1 58.52027.1 19.117.925.2 31.331.224.3 15.4
Want to help4.15.1 6.35.616.6 1.702.1 3.69.98.3 17.412.73.4 3.9
Happy for therapy1.31.5 7.56.51.5 0.660 0.93.35.7 1.33.22.1 0
People are same8.89.1 11.23.69.3 4.3419.8 8.220.35.4 13.510.28.1 5.8
Unlucky2.55.6 1.72.41.5 1.403.1 0.90.21.9 3.51.92.1 1.0
Admire0.60 0.301.0 000 0.90.20 1.30.60 0
Helpless1.62.5 1.75.00.7 0.944.2 4.61.74.8 0.43.22.6 6.7
Other0.60.5 2.03.41.3 10.200 1.80.72.6 0.4001.0
Rejection3.82.0 1.78.63.8 4.682.1 3.62.13.5 3.02.65.1 8.9
Can't understand0.30 0.90.91.0 000 000.60 00.90
Own fault/depends 18.8 25.213.613.8 11.04.38 12.515.515.1 14.317.410.8 38.723.1
Afraid & Risk14.1 11.64.39.9 5.06.58 22.933.63.2 8.93.93.8 6.025.0

Schizophrenia
Public
Students
% of respondentsNZA JInT RIsNZ AJIn TPS HK
N329201 352419 68544650 96110435 183230 161235104
Not stated11.011.2 32.129.819.9 18.84410.4 21.835.138.8 13.932.326.8 33.7
Don't know7.27.6 7.48.63.7 5.345.2 14.610.113.7 1.73.211.1 16.4
Sad-Compassion32.432.0 15.621.731.3 57.71825.0 22.710.417.5 34.323.937.4 6.7
Want to help12.07.1 5.917.217.5 2.189.4 5.58.315.3 13.913.63.0 9.6
Happy for therapy6.37.1 14.110.65.7 1.165.2 3.68.35.5 5.29.02.6 0
People are same8.59.6 5.01.42.8 4.0211.5 5.56.81.1 3.55.210.6 9.6
Unlucky1.32.0 2.11.01.6 2.403.1 00.20.6 0.41.30 1.0
Admire00 000.3 0.5000 000.4 000
Helpless2.22.5 1.81.90.2 0.800 0.90.72.7 1.302.6 2.9
Other0.91.0 1.82.90.6 6.901.0 01.72.2 00.70.4 0
Rejection1.92.0 2.41.03.5 5.641.0 0.93.80.6 8.32.65.1 1.9
Can't understand4.73.1 0.91.40.9 0.328.3 1.82.81.1 0.40.71.7 1.9
Own fault/depends 2.2 3.13.20 1.30.50 3.11.82.1 03.01.3 01.9
Afraid & Risk9.111.7 8.01.49.0 10.91216.7 20.99.21.1 11.76.54.7 14.4

Mental Depression
Public
Students
% of respondentsNZ AJIn TIsNZ AJIn TPS HK
N329201 352418 6835096 110435 183229161 235104
Not stated9.79.6 30.226.319.8 4010.420 34.728.414.4 31.623.430.8
Don't know2.57.6 5.64.14.7 25.210 9.97.72.6 1.34.38.7
Sad-Compassion36.132.5 19.124.230.8 2631.228.0 10.421.929.3 29.743.816.3
Want to help14.112.7 7.922.224.3 1010.410.0 10.126.221.0 16.86.812.5
Happy for therapy8.5 8.116.111.2 3.887.3 6.410.68.2 3.56.53.8 0
People are same10.010.2 4.41.73.7 414.69.1 8.51.16.6 7.710.211.5
Unlucky2.21.5 2.91.91.8 22.10 1.21.10.9 0.701.0
Admire00 000.6 0000 00.90 00
Helpless2.22.0 0.91.40 01.02.7 0.20.60.9 03.03.9
Other0.91.5 1.83.10.6 01.00.9 0.22.20 0.71.31.0
Rejection1.62.5 2.40.53.1 61.01.8 3.805.2 1.33.03.9
Can't understand4.71.5 0.61.02.8 02.10 2.106.1 00.91.9
Own fault/depends 3.8 6.15.60 1.308.3 3.64.50 2.21.90.9 1.9
Afraid & Risk2.2 4.12.61.4 1.625.2 5.52.12.7 4.91.94.7 2.8

Neurosis
Public
Students
% of respondentsNZA JInT IsNZA JInT PSHK
N329201 352418 6835096 110435 182229161 235104
Not stated13.513.8 31.530.420.4 4411.525.5 34.836.814.9 32.926.035.6
Don't know8.210.7 4.76.74.0 212.523.6 8.611.01.8 3.28.917.3
Sad or Compassion31.8 31.118.522.7 28.01228.1 23.612.022.0 27.926.540.9 10.5
Want to help12.07.1 6.214.819.2 68.35.5 11.217.017.0 13.63.810.5
Happy for therapy7.6 5.616.512.4 4.166.3 3.610.75.5 3.17.72.6 1.0
People are same7.69.2 4.41.43.8 210.45.5 8.11.13.9 6.59.86.7
Unlucky1.33.1 3.21.71.6 64.20 1.70.60.9 1.30.41.0
Admire00 000.4 0000 00.90 00
Helpless1.62.0 1.21.40.4 000.9 0.50.60.4 04.31.9
Other0.61.5 2.43.30.7 01.00 0.72.80 1.30.90
Rejection1.92.0 2.71.24.8 42.10.9 3.80.68.3 2.63.04.8
Can't understand3.12.0 01.24.5 03.10 1.00.64.8 0.71.31.9
Own fault/depends 6.3 6.65.60.2 2.503.1 2.75.50 3.51.30 0
Afraid & Risk4.4 5.13.23.8 4.239.4 8.22.21.7 10.02.63.0 8.7
Table 16: (Q19) Do you know anyone who has a genetic disease?

Public
Students
NZ AJIn TRIs NZAJ InTP SHK
% who knew4744 683957 75584350 733642 381643
N who knew162 104106 159386106 295254 1126596 594045
Not stated175 131537 18610 18615 632
Diabetes146 831104 9253 21123 541
Hemophilia1910 112123 122116 12107 324
Muscular dystrophy2016 1066 1245 1531 213
Depression30 120 0010 000 000
Schizophrenia21 210 11010 100 000
Neurosis00 042 0000 021 100
Alcoholism10 000 3100 000 000
Mental handicap14 81629 0010 146 211
Huntington's63 000 0042 100 000
Asthma61 1311 1111 014 011
Spina bifida95 000 0001 000 210
Cystic fibrosis1311 000 01108 000 000
Heart disease63 616 0000 010 233
Down's3824 81928 1191428 3085 321010
Dwarfism10 200 0100 000 200
Physical deformity57 547 0011 101 000
Parkinson's11 000 0001 100 000
Epilepsy10 726 8100 001 000
Alzheimer's10 000 0000 000 000
Colour blindness01 30717 -033 32514 107
PKU50 000- 110 0100 01
Deaf/blind22 132 -010 011 000
Thalassemia-- -043 -0-- -02 058
Cancer-- -219 -1-- -12 11-
Albino-- -54 -0-- 213 010
Sickle cell anemia00 034 -000 000 010
Others3429 224478 2513149 201925 171214
Personal84 102 0*010 010 000
Several43 4515 4500 600 210

Table 17: (Q24) Do you know anyone who has, or has had, a mental disease?

Public
Students
NZ AJIn TRIs NZAJ InTP SHK
% who knew3039 595341 70464169 673428 361622
N who knew219 116137 217280128 235634 1376163 543923
Not stated2411 222142 22720 2977 896
Depression11743 586841 732615 66127 894
Schizophrenia5145 333163 512219 45617 1526
Neurosis156 214787 7310 61114 1031
Alcoholism01 011 12000 100 100
Handicapped65 92717 0131 5107 522
Huntington's00 010 0001 000 000
Down's84 033 2110 000 470
Parkinson's01 000 0010 000 111
Epilepsy10 310 13021 220 000
Alzheimer's2113 100 0476 001 000
Other1214 53368 123135 51916 764
Personal126 312 0001 200 000
Several86 792 0034 400 200


Table 18 : Interest in science and technology

Q3. Which of these statements best describes your interest in science and technology?

1 Not at all interested

2 Not very interested

3 Interested

4 Very Interested

5 Extremely Interested

Public Students
NZ NZ90 AJ J91 InT R IsrlUS86 NZ AJ In TP S HK
11 5 01 2 30.5 2 218 0 00 2 0.41 0 0
26 17 317 24 72 31 1011 1 311 3 21 6 9
352 47 4643 45 4340 57 5648 34 3547 37 5033 53 54
427 21 3427 15 2750 10 2023 43 4727 34 4149 33 33
514 10 1712 14 207 - 12- 22 1515 24 716 8 4

Table 19: Benefit/risk of science and technology

Q4. Overall do you think science and technology do more harm than good, more good than harm, or about the same of each?

1 More harm: 2 More good: 3 Same: 4 Don't know

Public

PMO New Scientist

Students
NZA JJ90In TRIsrl. A89UK89China NZAJ InTP SHK
Harm54 5773 51010 9234 664 596
Good5766 425353 54406656 448258 56364332 583753
Same3427 453136 42492226 371236 35524764 355039
DK53 81041 622 10535 640 242


Table 20: Support for patenting

Q30. People who create something original can obtain financial reward for their efforts through patents and copyright. In your opinion, for which of the following should people be able to obtain patents and copyright?

1 Approve 2 Disapprove 3 Don't know

Public
Students
NZ NZ90 AJ J91 InT R Is NZA J InT P SHK
New Inventions, such as consumer products
Yes 9093 93 8591 79 7852 76 9390 92 7275 89 7665
No 47 2 63 12 915 10 23 2 1514 6 915
DK 6- 5 96 9 1333 14 57 6 1311 5 1520
Books and other information
Yes 8285 80 6873 74 6977 76 8888 82 6865 88 6462
No 815 8 148 16 176 14 65 7 1816 8 1714
DK 10- 12 1829 10 1417 10 67 11 1419 4 1924
New plant varieties
Yes 6371 55 4960 60 8559 64 5649 52 6183 65 6647
No 2229 24 1916 21 812 22 2633 19 2310 26 1731
DK 15- 21 3224 19 729 14 1818 29 167 9 1722
New animal breeds
Yes 4859 45 4149 54 8254 58 5039 45 5978 61 5642
No 3341 29 2622 25 1016 24 3237 24 2812 29 2628
DK 19- 26 3329 21 830 18 1824 31 1310 10 1830
Genetic material extracted from plants and animals
Yes 3151 38 3537 50 7352 56 3332 30 5178 52 5540
No 4149 34 3027 25 1213 28 4139 39 2711 36 2129
DK 28- 28 3536 25 1535 16 2629 31 2211 12 2431
Genetic material extracted from humans
Yes 23- 31 3228 42 6045 46 2228 25 4670 44 4737
No 50- 43 3633 34 1817 36 5746 48 3117 44 2630
DK 27- 26 3239 24 2238 18 2126 27 2313 12 2733
A medical treatment or drug to cure AIDS
Yes 59- 60 60- 66 8194 62 4354 56 7183 74 7360
No 28- 26 21- 22 133 28 4034 26 1813 19 2022
DK 13- 14 19- 12 63 10 1712 18 114 7 718


Table 21: Trust in authorities

(Q29) Suppose that a number of groups made public statements about the benefits and risks of biotechnology products. Would you have a lot of trust, some trust, or no trust in statements made by...?

Public
Students
TrustNZA JInT RIsNZ AJIn TPS HK
Government agencies
A lot58 825335 2477 4252820 3437
Some5261 484763 39386568 374966 625855
No4331 4428456 382825 5926618 88
Consumer agencies
A lot2413 122343 3328288 82341 17625
Some5861 655754 44425854 605155 686358
No1826 2320323 301438 3226415 3117
Companies making biotechnology products
A lot54 62186 2034 5251315 78
Some4452 434770 31284953 385475 576657
No5144 51322263 524843 57211228 2735
Environmental groups
A lot2120 1547- 53541814 752- 573545
Some6864 6044- 37367373 5237- 426050
No1116 259-10 10913 4111-1 55
University professors
A lot2530 123842 35425054 104729 463047
Some6560 615357 50484843 623969 526547
No1010 279115 1023 281422 56
Medical doctors
A lot3330 124860 55465558 105555 684248
Some6064 584338 35504440 643744 295449
No76 309210 412 26813 43
Farmers or farm groups
A lot69 6-7- 2866 772718 66
Some6969 50-67 -507070 501576 715443
No2522 44-26- 222424 43131711 4051
Dietitians or nutritionists
A lot2421 6-25 -402821 56825 422020
Some6669 54-67 -506569 561865 536671
No1010 40-8- 10710 3914105 149


Table 22: Public and student acceptance of genetic engineering and cross species gene transfer

%
Public
Students
NZ AJ In TR Is NZA JIn TP SHK

Q9. Genes from most types of organisms are interchangeable. Would potatoes made more nutritious through biotechnology be acceptable or unacceptable to you if genes were added from another type of plant, such as corn? Why?
+56 5639 5682 4550 8675 5158 7865 7976
-27 2325 214 2424 99 1818 717 811
?17 2136 2314 3126 516 3124 1518 1313

Q10. Would such potatoes be acceptable or unacceptable to you if the new genes came from an animal? Why?
+19 2311 2948 1622 4942 1627 4817 2525
-60 5440 4219 4252 3224 3739 1958 4848
?21 2349 2933 4226 1934 4733 3325 2727

Q11. Would chicken made less fatty through biotechnology be acceptable or unacceptable if genes were added to the chicken from another type of animal? Why?
+29 4020 4068 3226 5042 3042 6842 4142
-46 4041 2710 3546 2527 3524 1336 2731
?25 2039 3322 3328 2531 3534 1922 3227

Q12. Would such chicken be acceptable or unacceptable if the genes came from a human? Why?
+10 166 1629 1014 2020 1118 307 1419
-78 6653 5244 6664 6553 5241 4481 6570
?12 1841 3227 2422 1527 3741 2612 2111

+ = Acceptable - = Unacceptable ? = Don't know


Table 23: Reasoning about genetic engineering and cross species gene transfer (%'s)

Public
Students
NZ AJ In ThR Is NZA J InT P SHK
Not stated
9 24 2435 41 2152 66 2517 32 4015 40 4031
10 23 2140 49 2362 66 2520 37 4414 43 5242
11 24 2139 49 2961 66 2222 34 4918 44 5437
12 22 2441 50 3060 60 1926 40 5322 41 4139
Unethical
9 0.6 00.6 0 00 0 00 1 0.60 0.6 00
10 12 123 6 12 4 1426 2 92 8 63
11 13 116 8 0.62 2 2325 6 102 7 119
12 6 79 6 56 4 1417 6 55 7 812
Unnatural, Playing God, Cross species is bad
9 16 1113 11 15 6 44 8 84 2 47
10 32 2821 18 59 14 1912 16 146 20 1420
11 2416 18 112 6 1417 12 125 2 74 11
12 23 2218 9 66 8 1211 16 63 8 1211
Product bad, Human's are special, Cannibalism
9 3 33 4 12 0 21 2 40 2 21
10 3 32 2 20 0 22 1 31 3 44
11 2 23 2 13 0 10 1 31 0 21
12 25 127 17 127 16 3118 9 1214 27 1919
Fear of unknown, Feels risky, dangerous
9 3 68 2 25 6 21 6 22 4 15
10 10 913 3 65 6 20 15 47 10 611
11 7 610 2 43 4 22 8 24 7 38
12 13 1020 4 108 6 43 16 710 11 710
Social effects, eugenics
9 00.5 0 0.20 0.2 00 0 00 0 00 0
10 2 00 0 00 0 00 0 0.30.4 0 00
11 0 01 0 00 0 00 0 00.4 0 00
12 0.3 01 0.4 00 0 02 1 00 0 10
Harm to health, deformities
9 23 3 21 0.2 43 6 52 3 43 2
10 32 4 23 1 02 6 44 6 74 1
11 3 24 2 31 0 15 4 0.65 6 51
12 3 32 3 30 0 13 2 24 3 41
Environmental and Ecological effects
9 1 34 0.4 0.40.4 0 26 3 10 0 10
10 0.6 32 0.2 0.30 0 23 1 0.30 0 01
11 1 12 0.4 0.32 0 03 2 0.30 3 00
12 0 01 0 00 0 01 2 0.30 0 00
Insufficient controls. misuse
9 2 05 0.6 01 0 30 4 00 0 00
10 3 25 0 0.31 0 20 4 00.4 0.6 00
11 42 6 0.20.3 2 03 1 90 0 00 0
12 5 27 0 01 0 73 5 00.4 0.6 01
Don't need
9 109 7 11 2 06 6 81 2 20 2
10 99 6 12 4 45 6 51 3 30 0
11 13 1511 2 13 2 118 11 31 7 25
12 7 105 1 32 4 86 4 0.64 1 22
Conditional benefit, Don't Know
9 10 1010 7 512 6 1112 14 64 11 75
10 9 1113 8 1112 6 1322 17 1213 10 118
11 1312 8 76 9 1015 26 118 7 710 6
12 612 8 57 6 26 17 129 10 37 3
Medical Benefit
9 8 83 9 41 2 1926 5 114 10 113
10 3 32 3 40 0 115 0.5 34 0.6 10
11 7 118 3 71.6 4 116 4 189 16 1017
12 7 11.8 2 20 2 30 2 31 0.6 11
Agriculture, Food, Increase varieties
9 13 1317 13 95 2 126 11 1810 12 1219
10 27 2 33 2 05 3 24 6 33 5
11 2 54 2 22 2 33 4 23 4 23
12 0 20.6 0 0.70.4 0 02 0 01 1 0.82
Humanity benefits, Better
9 17 1412 11 196 4 1920 11 1428 16 1028
10 4 42 5 91 2 137 4 415 3 35
11 5 85 3 113 0 105 7 520 3 23
12 2 21 0.6 30.4 0 22 1 16 3 25
Genes are the same; No Problem
9 1411 4 1031 5 1224 16 57 20 824 11
10 69 1 821 3 412 15 27 18 37 5
11 713 1 624 3 213 11 25 25 55 9
12 4 22 7 149 0 77 2 616 7 15
Numbers
9 328199 335 528686 452 5095 109 421316 230 154250 104
10 325 199338 532 687451 50 95109 421 315229 153 250103
11 325 199337 530 685451 50 95109 422 315230 153 250100
12 322 199341 532 684451 50 95110 428 314229 155 250103


Table 24: Attitude sources %'s of total answering Q8 (up to 3 possible answers per questionnaire)

Q8. What things are the source of your feelings about Q6 and Q7? Please list all:

Public
Students
%
NZ
A
J
In
T
R
Is
NZ
A
J
In
T
P
S
HK
N322199 347530686 4315095 109428318 231157248 104
Media(inc.Radio)8.113.6 11.55.320.4 3.7010.5 28.426.62.8 23.45.72.0 12.5
Newspaper5.33.5 52.47.722.3 47.323.2 6.440.47.9 17.33.86.5 12.5
TV7.53.5 56.21.318.5 42.041.1 7.344.92.8 16.55.12.0 14.4
Magazines5.36.5 31.110.031.6 25.888.4 12.827.312.3 26.412.15.2 13.5
Books7.810.1 15.89.132.8 29.5611.6 11.921.79.1 33.87.62.4 17.3
Friends5.68.0 7.83.46.1 2.8213.7 11.014.55.3 10.03.80.4 2.9
Personal experience9.3 17.15.211.7 28.17.28 17.95.50.9 11.038.115.9 2.424.0
Common sense4.34.0 1.21.74.1 0.226.3 0.91.21.3 9.104.8 3.8
Religion5.34.5 0.60.90.2 0610.5 5.501.6 014.62.0 5.8
History5.35.5 0.33.80.2 024.2 4.602.5 0.41.91.2 3.8
Pollution18.013.6 0.94.32.5 0021.1 21.19.35.3 0.410.26.9 6.7
Misuse possible16.514.6 0.62.80.7 01012.6 6.403.8 05.77.3 6.7
Against nature9.06.5 01.30 0.225.3 5.5000 2.52.41.0
Fear of unknown7.58.5 02.80.6 041.1 5.50.23.5 010.29.3 2.9
Hope in science6.59.5 0.68.31.2 049.5 12.806.3 07.04.4 9.6
Social affect bad6.22.0 0.32.80 0.264.2 5.503.8 06.45.6 2.9
Other6.57.5 10.415.14.8 0.2018.9 20.223.810.7 1.32.512.1 3.8
Don'tunderstand4.02.0 000.2 002.22.8 000 00.40
Not stated23.025.6 16.143.07.4 19.06017.9 20.212.943.1 7.436.947.2 27.9

"Personal experience" included education.

"Media" was used when TV, radio, newspapers etc, were given, as well as other categories, so as to include other ideas.


Table 25: Environmental attitudes

Q2. During the past 12 months have you...? 1 Yes 2 No 3 Don't know

Public
Students
a
NZ
A
J
In
T
R
Is
NZs
As
Js
Ins
T
Ps
Ss
HK

a. Bought foods labeled as "pesticide free"
Yes44 4557 847 -38 3230 457 4029 1418
No19 1824 5828 -32 169 3259 2317 2925
DK37 3719 3425 -30 5261 2334 3754 5757

b. Stopped buying a product because it caused environmental problems
Yes63 7051 3277 850 6557 3831 6960 5132
No28 2329 4915 6536 3036 4651 1733 3458
DK9 720 198 2714 57 1618 147 1510

c. Contributed money or time to an environmental cause
Yes60 5439 5275 1432 5857 1842 5668 3444
No36 4456 4021 8262 3540 7549 3531 5038
DK4 27 84 46 73 79 91 1618

d. Changed your life style in significant ways to protect the environment
Yes48 6128 5079 1230 3942 1244 7977 4044
No47 3558 3816 7858 5154 7142 1618 4348
DK5 414 125 1012 104 1714 55 178

e. Stopped eating a certain food because of concerns over its safety
Yes55 5266 5085 5358 4441 5749 8380 5650
No39 4430 3911 3838 4950 3635 1413 2538
DK6 44 114 94 79 716 37 1912

f. Sorted out certain types of household waste (glass, papers, ...) for recycling
Yes82 8590 5158 -32 7976 8745 5250 4051
No17 158 4439 -60 1923 950 4146 5246
DK1 02 53 -8 21 45 74 83

g. Saved energy, for example, by using less hot water, by closing doors and windows in winter to save heat
Yes94 9478 7797 6760 9683 6061 9589 4967
No5 518 183 2836 313 3232 59 3726
DK1 14 50.3 54 14 87 02 147

Abbreviations: NZ=New Zealand; A=Australia;J=Japan; P=Philippines; S=Singapore; HK=Hong Kong;

R=Russia; s= student, otherwise public samples. The results to question f and g for the UK, France,

Germany from Eurobarometer 37.0; 1992; are (f: UK=75, F=84, Ger=93; g: UK=86, F=82, Ger=86; Yes).


Table 26: Images of Nature

Q15. Will you please express freely, in sentences and/or pictures, the images which come to mind when you hear the word "nature", and/or any ideas you have on "nature".
%
Public
Students
NZ
A
J
India
Thai
R
Isr
NZ
A
J
India
Thai
P
S
HK
N 322 198 347 535 685 440 50 95 110 431 318 232 158 250 104
Not stated 12.7 13.113.8 23.0 10.129.7 46 5.39.1 16.2 24.59.5 14.6 12.012.5
Beauty 4.03.0 8.1 10.11.2 2.7 46.3 5.5 2.19.7 2.2 1.97.2 1.9
Scenery 13.4 11.621.1 8.8 14.723.4 4 15.84.5 30.1 9.114.2 21.5 18.05.8
Harmony/

Everything

24.8 31.815.6 19.1 33.46.4 16 38.933.6 9.1 19.828.4 15.8 13.232.7
Ecology problem 9.3 9.113.2 9.2 10.42.7 6 5.312.7 3.2 6.612.9 11.4 6.84.8
Picture 6.2 8.66.6 12.7 31.331.1 4 13.721.8 20.2 18.241.8 31.6 26.435.6
Encounter 7.1 11.18.6 5.8 6.90.5 8 6.36.4 3.1 6.99.1 5.1 2.411.5
God 6.87.1 2.9 17.88.5 3.0 1011.6 3.6 2.117.0 3.0 13.97.6 4.8
Left untouched 37.6 35.423.7 15.0 11.73.9 14 45.343.6 14.7 15.49.9 11.4 24.021.2
Flow/energy 5.6 2.04.3 1.3 1.30.9 0 00.9 0.9 0.30.9 0 1.20
Forests 9.9 8.67.5 8.0 6.03.2 8 16.818.2 18.4 8.17.8 15.2 17.29.6
Peace 1.92.5 1.9 2.40.3 0.7 06.3 3.6 4.22.8 0 3.21.6 2.9
Body/health 1.2 2.00 0 00.5 0 00.9 0.2 00 0 00
Resource 2.5 3.06.0 7.5 2.60.3 4 2.11.8 0.7 5.30.9 2.5 2.44.8
Refreshing 3.1 2.03.4 0.9 00.5 2 3.23.6 0.5 0.30 2.5 2.00
Frightening 1.9 2.53.8 0.7 00.3 6 1.10.9 1.4 0.90 1.3 0.40
Living things 9.0 9.65.2 5.4 4.72.7 0 6.313.6 6.0 2.56.0 5.7 11.22.9
No humans 1.2 00.6 1.3 6.91.6 2 6.30 1.2 1.36.5 2.5 4.06.7
Other 7.54.5 11.0 6.44.8 1.8 84.2 3.6 10.45.7 6.5 4.45.6 4.8


Table 27: Life is?

Q32. Will you please express freely, in sentences and/or pictures, the images which come to mind when you hear the word "life", and/or any ideas you have on "life".

%
Public
Students
Life
NZ
A
J
In
T
R
Isr
NZs
As
Js
In
T
P
S
HK
N324199 352538685 4265096 110422316 232159250 104
Not stated22.816.1 20.226.616.2 38.35015.6 20.025.425.6 11.628.318.0 21.2
To be saved15.19.0 32.18.46.7 1.6415.6 10.017.37.3 6.012.610.4 15.4
Enjoy14.215.6 3.48.915.3 4.7128.3 11.82.615.2 14.27.57.2 5.8
Action9.811.0 2.311.73.8 9.9425.0 10.03.111.1 3.91.95.2 6.7
Health13.015.0 7.75.03.9 2.1610.4 6.41.71.3 3.42.53.2 6.7
LIfe & Death12.720.1 26.714.722.6 4.2127.3 14.517.112.0 26.36.915.2 11.5
Family/friends3.76.0 1.42.212.8 3.841.0 2.70.50.9 9.94.43.2 1.9
Encounter9.98.5 5.17.87.9 1.21217.7 18.20.721.8 8.29.412.8 8.7
God9.67.0 11.115.24.5 5.6212.5 8.111.410.8 4.323.38.4 10.6
Baby7.78.0 10.50.95.0 8.9810.4 12.78.12.2 5.28.212.0 3.8
Living things11.420.6 9.46.54.7 1.61016.7 17.38.83.8 5.26.310.0 12.5
harmony/everything5.6 4.53.45.0 4.74.90 3.16.40.5 4.43.04.4 1.63.8
Natural4.04.0 5.41.55.0 4.700 2.72.41.3 3.90.63.2 1.9
Ecology1.54.5 1.71.30.2 2.120 3.60.20.6 1.31.90 0
Beauty0.90.5 0.90.90.3 2.122.1 0.90.91.6 0.91.32.0 1.0
Scenery0.30.5 0.81.10.2 2.300 00.50.6 0.90.60.4 0
Picture4.03.5 5.76.921.2 22.349.4 10.012.38.9 24.120.114.4 20.2
Scientific definition3.4 6.52.32.4 3.51.40 6.33.65.0 1.95.60.6 1.63.8
Other5.25.5 11.712.86.4 1.288.3 3.621.813.9 5.25.712.0 10.6

Baby includes baby seeds, but was usually baby humans.


187-205: Data Tables Index

187-205: Statistical Results Data Tables 1-10

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