Book Summary: "O Direito de Vir a Ser ap_s o nascimento"
Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 10 (2000), 126.
Title in English: "The Right To Be after birth"
Author : Eliane Elisa de Souza e Azev_do
Publisher: EDIPUCRS, Porto Alegre, Brasil email@example.com 2000, 102p.
The Author makes the point that in spite of its enormous grow, bioethics remains dedicated to preserve human rights and human dignity from aggressions due to biotechnological advances in genetics, nearly forgetting human rights protection due to aggression in DNA expressivity caused by poverty and hunger. On the over all, only few people have the chance to be exposed to the harms of advanced technology in genetics while considerable part of humankind has DNA expressivity impaired by the lack of food.
Since both hunger and biotechnology are able to alter DNA expressivity, the author felt the necessity of claiming for the rights of those whose genetic potential for mental and physical development is impaired due to the lack of food. Thus, by the name of "The Right To Be after birth" the Authors describe this type of human right as "the right of every child to grow in an environment that does not stop or restrain her DNA potential, allowing, thus, the full development of her physical and mental capacities".
In addition, the author presents two other suggestions for reflection after reviewing the history of human rights under an anthropological view. In the first part of the book, burial ceremonies is studied and showed as the translation of an universal moral in humankind: the respect for the dead. In the final part of the book, in analogy to the cognitive theory of universal grammar the authors suggest that we may also not be a tabula rasa for moral values, but have universal morals under a similar cognitive theory. The universality of the respect for the dead is given as the starting point for studies in this direction.
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